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The Spaniards did not colonise Antigua because it lacked fresh water but not aggressive Caribs.
The English settled on Antigua in 1632; Christopher Codrington settled on Barbuda in 1684.
Most of Barbuda was devastated in early September 2017 by Hurricane Irma, which brought winds with speeds reaching 295 km/h (185 mph).
They were succeeded by the ceramic age pre-Columbian Arawak-speaking Saladoid people who migrated from the lower Orinoco River.
As a result, Caribs and Arawaks were able to colonise much of South America and the Caribbean Islands.
Their descendants still live there, notably in Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia.
The country's name was given by Christopher Columbus in 1493 after discovering the island, in honor of the Virgin of La Antigua in the Seville Cathedral.
The country is nicknamed "Land of 365 Beaches" due to the many beaches surrounding the islands.
Temperatures average 27 °C (80.6 °F), with a range from 23 °C (73.4 °F) to 29 °C (84.2 °F) in the winter to from 25 °C (77.0 °F) to 30 °C (86.0 °F) in the summer and autumn.